Winchester Big Bore 94's the platform. Are you looking for a cartridge to hunt predators and small game animals with? Marlin even chambered their lever gun for at least one of those cartridges. For this reason, there’s a pretty good supply of surplus military ammo for both cartridges (though .308/7.62 surplus ammunition is not as common or inexpensive as it was 20-30 years ago). 1,000 yards is probably a bit of a stretch for a 22 cal bullet. It’s loaded to a higher pressure than the M855 load and is designed for optimum performance out of the short barreled M-4 carbines commonly used by the military these days. Make sure you follow The Big Game Hunting Blog on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube. 223/5.56 vs 300 Blackout vs 308 Winchester: Which Is Best? Great article! So, we’ve covered how the .223 and .308 are similar, but how are they different? For instance, the vast majority of .223 Remington factory loads shoot bullets in the 35-90 grain range. Additionally, the heavier bullets with a higher ballistic coefficient used by the .308 Winchester retain more energy and velocity than the lightweight .223 bullets. Please email us if you have questions about any of our product listings. Far less well known, however, is the other calibre that goes by the .308 title: the .308 Norma. Felt recoil will vary from shooter to shooter and rifle to rifle, but free recoil energy is still a useful way to compare the two cartridges. Indeed, the typical .308 Winchester load still has as much or more energy remaining at 400-500 yards as the .223 Remington does at the muzzle. The two have more similarities than differences. They don't compare in any manner. Combined with the fact that the .308 Winchester uses a much longer case, it has significantly more case capacity than the .223 Remington. Before we get started, I have two administrative notes for you. This showdown, 30 06 vs. 308, will be hard to call! As a rule of thumb, when it comes to hunting, muzzle energy is what many hunters look at when deciding on what caliber of firearm / ammunition to select. This load had virtually the same ballistics as the original .30-06 Springfield load (150 grain bullet at 2,700 feet per second), but due to advances in powder technology, the 7.62x51mm cartridge achieved that same level of performance while using a much shorter case (51mm vs 63mm). The .308 Winchester is one of the best big game hunting cartridges around and it holds a clear advantage over the .223 Remington when it comes to hunting medium to large sized game. As such, the following is for comparative information purposes only and should not be used to make precise predictions of the trajectory, performance, or true ballistics of any particular .22-250 Remington or .308 Winchester rounds for hunting, target shooting, plinking, or any other usage. Thank you for your thoughtful insight. That’s why the 308 Win shines on elk with a Nosler Partition as that bullet works very well at 308 Win speeds. There are also a number of quality choices for match ammunition for both cartridges. Indeed, that dispute spans over five decades and really took off during the mid-1960s when the US Military started replacing the M-14 with the M-16 service rifle. Truth be told, the .223 Remington is still just a borderline big game hunting round (at best) and can’t hold a candle to the .308 Winchester in that regard. The shell casing was designed to ease case extraction and cartridge feeding in bolt action rifles as well as machine guns. The .223 Remington shoots small diameter, lightweight bullets at a very high velocity. Are you very sensitive to recoil? https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/556-vs-300-blackout-vs-308-winchester/. The .308 Winchester certainly doesn’t look like a long-range cartridge, though it can certainly handle shots out to ethical distances. The M855A1 load uses a lead free 62 grain bullet made from copper alloy with a steel penetrator. I want the .308 for the power but the .223 for the cost to run and lack of recoil. 7.62 NATO vs .308 Winchester – Headspace Last but not least we get to the real difference. Generally speaking, .223 Remington ammunition is less expensive than .308 Winchester ammunition. When using a quality bullet like the Hornady GMX, it will really do a number on all but the biggest hogs. Battle of the Black Bear Cartridges: .308 Win. The .308 Winchester has a much longer case length (2.015″ vs 1.76″) and overall length (2.81″ vs 2.26″) than the .223 Rem. One way to think about this is as such: a foot-pound is a unit of energy equal to the amount of energy required to raise a weight of one pound a distance of one foot. Of course, both cartridges are available in a number of bolt action hunting rifles like the Remington Model 700, Ruger American, M77 Hawkeye, and Scout, Savage 11/111, and the Weatherby Mark Vanguard. and the .308 Win. .308 as well. Note: while the case capacity figures listed below do give a good indication of the differences between the two cartridges, exact case capacities vary slightly according to the brand of brass used. Not surprisingly, users of these cartridges have plenty of choices when it comes to good quality guns as well as surplus military, target shooting, and hunting ammo. .308 Winchester Overview. 150 grain, 165 grain, 168 grain, and 180 grain bullets are the most popular. Furthermore, the muzzle energy of a .22-250 Remington round averages out to 1620 ft-lb, while a .308 Winchester round averages out to about 2620 ft-lb. The .308 Winchester is a good all-around big game hunting cartridge with moderate recoil and ample power for most species. What Is The History of The 300 Winchester Magnum vs. 308 Winchester? So a .22-250 Remington round exits the barrel with kinetic energy equal to the energy required for linear vertical displacement of 1620 pounds through a one foot distance, while a .308 Winchester round exiting the barrel has energy equal to the amount required to displace 2620 pounds over the same one foot distance. ‘Karamojo’ Bell, the famous elephant hunter who was a proponent of the 7x57 for the pachyderms, stated the shorter bolt throw would have made the .308 Winchester the best elephant cartridge ever. Shooters, hunters, and preppers use both cartridges extensively, so just about every major gun manufacturer produces rifles chambered in .223 Remington and .308 Winchester. Offered in the Model 70 bolt-action, Model 100 semi-automatic and the Model 88 lever-action rifles, the .308 Win. Indeed, the .223 Remington and .308 Winchester rank right up there with the .270 Winchester and .30-06 Springfield at the top of the list of the most popular centerfire rifle cartridges in the United States. Note: while the case capacity figures listed below do give a good indication of the differences between the three cartridges, exact case capacities vary slightly according to the brand of brass used. Buy a really good .308 Winchester hunting rifle here. Are you tired of trying and constantly making errors? Even the American armed forces have a long history with the 308. Test Barrel Lost 22.7 FPS Per Inch (.308 Win Chambering) How much velocity do you think was lost, on average, for each 1″ reduction in barrel length? Most … Heck, the .308 Winchester is so much larger that it can almost fit an entire .223 Remington cartridge inside its case. Military rifles for 7.62x51mm NATO can, and usually do, have longer chambers. At the end of a long and contentious design and selection process, the Army eventually picked the M-14 rifle chambered in the new 7.62x51mm cartridge to replace the M-1 Garand. The original M80 ball load for the 7.62x51mm NATO fired a .308″ 147 grain full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet at 2,750 feet per second (2,469 foot pounds of energy). First, lets start with the areas where the .223 Remington and .308 Winchester are similar. Prices and availability for each cartridge vary from region to region, but ammunition for both cartridges is widely available. The .308 Winchester quickly caught on with civilian hunters and shooters who appreciated the efficiency, power, and accuracy of the cartridge. Cast your mind back to the days Clint Eastwood’s movies, the days of American short action movies, this rifle was used to enhance these trends. Our website lists special deals on 9mm Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 45-70 Ammo, 6.5 Creedmoor ammo, 300 Blackout Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 5.56 Ammo, Underwood Ammo, Buffalo Bore Ammo and more special deals on bulk ammo. In particular, AR-15 style rifles are very popular with the .223 Remington. 100 grain bullets are for deer. But he put the .308 back in the cabnet and used his .303 for the last few seasons he went for moose. Just like with ammunition, there are lots and lots of semi-automatic, pump, and bolt action rifles chambered in .223 Remington and .308 Winchester to choose from and virtually every firearms manufacturer produces rifles chambered in both cartridges. I bought mine used, with the longest kill on a groundhog being at 750yards. W.D.M. The 7.62×39 and .300 Blackout split the different to a small degree, but (like always), there’s always some sort of trade-off. Though it’s difficult to choose a winner when it comes to accuracy of the 223 vs 308 at short range, the .308 Winchester has longer effective range and big advantage at ranges past 500 yards because those heavier bullets retain more energy and are less susceptible to wind drift. I prefer 22”, but 20” would be a better compromise in lieu of 18” for me. While there is a small overlap in their capabilities, the two cartridges represent two vastly different ways of thinking: smaller, lighter, and faster vs bigger, heavier, and slower. As illustrated in the chart, .22-250 Remington rounds - on average - achieve a velocity of about 3790 feet per second (fps) while .308 Winchester rounds travel at a velocity of 2680 fps. Since the light recoil of the cartridge also makes follow-up shots a lot easier, the .223 Remington is a very popular cartridge for hunting situations that require a lot of shooting, like feral hog control. However, lightly constructed bullets designed for varmint hunting (like the Hornady V-Max, Nosler Varmageddon, and Winchester Varmint X) are most common with the .223 Remington. Thanks for your support. The .22 WMR round only drops 2.1 inches, giving it better accuracy at medium-range distances. To really get down to the nitty-gritty of this comparison, let’s briefly take a look at each of these rimfire cartridges’ history. Both the .300 Win. The Lyman 50th Edition (p139-143 & 241-245) and Hornady 10th Edition (p160-178, 474-488) reloading manuals were also used as references for this article. The .30-06 Springfield round began its life when it was developed as the caliber for the Springfield M1903 bolt action rifle, which was adopted into widespread serviceby the U.S Army in World War I. The .308 Win is undoubtedly one of the most successful calibres of all time. My ol'man shot many moose with his .303 lee enfield, he bought a winchester 88 .308, used it for 2 years. It’s loaded to a higher pressure than the M855 load and is designed for optimum performance out of the short barreled M-4 carbines commonly used by the military these days. During that timeframe, Winchester noticed serious commercial potential with the 7.62x51mm cartridge and rolled out the extremely similar .308 Winchester cartridge for the civilian hunting and shooting markets. Derived from the .223 Remington (which was itself descended from the .222 Remington cartridge), the original M193 ball load for the 5.56x45mm cartridge fired a .224″ 55 grain full metal jacket bullet at 3,250 feet per second (1,290 foot pounds of energy). Additionally, the .308 Winchester has a larger (.473″ vs .378″) case diameter than the .223 Remington. Great article. Due in part to their military roots, there are a number of semi-automatic rifles available chambered in both cartridges. For all the strengths of the M-14 and the 7.62x51mm NATO, leaders in the military wanted a lighter rifle and cartridge so Soldiers could carry more ammunition and more easily control the rifle when firing in fully automatic mode. Need to work up a story. Of these, 55 grain, 62 grain, and to a lesser extent, 77 grain bullet weights are by far the most common. Performance varies with barrel length, but typical .223 ballistics with factory ammo are a 50gr bullet at 3,345fps (1,242 ft-lbs), a 55gr bullet at 3,240fps (1,282 ft-lbs), and a 62gr bullet at 3,100fps (1,323 ft-lbs). For more detailed ballistics information please refer to the exact round in question or contact the manufacturer for the pertinent information. For a more detailed discussion on the .308 Winchester and how it compares to the 6.5 Creedmoor cartridge as well as how the .223 Remington compares to some other popular high velocity cartridges, read the articles below: 6.5 Creedmoor vs .308 Winchester Debate Settled, 22-250 vs 223 vs 204 Ruger vs 220 Swift: Clash Of The Speed Demons. All in all, the M855A1 has been well received and has a reputation for being more accurate, penetrating barriers more effectively, and having better terminal performance than the old M193 and M855 ball ammunition. This is part of the reason why each have such a dedicated and loyal following and why the 223 vs 308 debate continues to rage on after so many years. These rounds have been on the market for over 50 years, and there is no reason why they won’t continue to be a … On the other hand, the military was not pleased with the performance of the M-14 as the primary infantry service rifle and decided to move on to something new after just a few years. The 264 winmag is just a little behind the 7mm remmag. Then its time you learnt … Both cartridges got their start in the time period between World War II and the Vietnam War when the US Military was searching for a replacement to the venerable M-1 Garand rifle and .30-06 Springfield cartridge. Using a 140 grain bullet, it is a FINE elk gun. On the other hand, bullets designed for big game hunting (like the Nosler Partition and Swift Scirocco/A-Frame) are most common for the .308 Winchester. However, since the difference between them (223 vs 308) is pretty big in certain respects, each cartridge is better suited to specific situations than the other. Maximum pressure obtained from SAAMI (p24 and p31). are great chamberings for a hunting rifle. I can testify to that. Some bullets (like the Hornady GMX and the Nosler E-Tip) are available for both cartridges. Though they were initially well received by the military, M-16 and the 5.56x45mm cartridge had some major teething problems during the Vietnam War. Though the US Military was pleased with the performance of M-1 Garand and the .30-06 during World War II, American military leaders started looking for a new rifle and cartridge in the years following the war. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. The .308 Winchester is also available in semi-automatic AR-platforms like the Remington R-25 as well as rifles like the AR-10, the FN FAL, and the Springfield M1A (the civilian version of the M-14). The .308 commonly has a 150 to 180 grain range. The .308 Winchester is a short-action cartridge that has marvelous ballistics. the 264 win mag actually has more energy that the 308. Took a bull one year and a calf the following. I grew up with a Remington model 7 .308 win which has a 20" barrel. The first is that the .308 Win rounds, at least the majority of them, leave the muzzle with a around an average of 6lb/ft.s more momentum than the .270 Win rounds. If we’re really being honest with ourselves though, the two cartridges are best suited for radically different tasks: the .223 Remington for varmint and pest control and the .308 Winchester for big game hunting. Just took delivery of Czech .223 today and now, like previous person, figure that I need. The decision for which round is better for a given application should be made with complete information, and this article simply serves as a comparative guide, not the final say. Go with the .223 Remington as the recoil that cartridge produces is virtually non-existant. Generally speaking, the higher the muzzle energy, the higher the stopping power. We’ll start with the .308 Winchester. Read the articles below for more information: For that reason, the .223 Remington isn’t a legal deer hunting cartridge in many states. On the other hand, since it shoots heavier, larger diameter, and generally much better constructed bullets, the .308 Winchester has a clear advantage when hunting larger species like deer, caribou, elk, and red stag. First, though the .223 Remington and the 5.56x45mm NATO are technically different cartridges (the same goes for the .308 Winchester and the 7.62x51mm NATO rounds), the practical difference in performance between the .223 vs 5.56 (and the .308 vs 7.62) is very small and doesn’t make any difference for the purposes of this article. .300 Blackout vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know. The .308 is a little on the light side for moose and grizzly/brown bear, but it will work in a pinch with proper shot placement. It is a well known cartridge, capable of travelling long distances with lots of energy to knock down your intended target. Buy an excellent .223 Remington hunting rifle here. On the other hand, most .308 Winchester factory loads use bullets in the 110-180 grain range. The flat trajectory and lightly constructed bullets most common with the .223 Remington make it great for taking shots at small, thin skinned animals like prairie dogs, bobcats, and coyotes. In this post, I’m going to investigate the 223 vs 308 debate in detail and provide some insight into which cartridge is better suited for various situations. In 1952, Winchester commercially released the .308 round along with chambering its Model 70 and Model 88 rifles for the cartridge. In fact, the .308 is really just a development of the .30-06. Released by Winchester in 1952 (and adopted by NATO in 1954 as the 7.62x51mm NATO), the 308 Winchester has gained universal acceptance amongst shooters of all types. Those same characteristics make the .308 Winchester a much better choice for long range shooting. Copyright © 2020 Big Game Hunting Adventures LLC | All Rights Reserved, 223/5.56 vs 300 Blackout vs 308 Winchester, BEST 6.5 CREEDMOOR AMMO FOR HUNTING ELK, DEER, & OTHER BIG GAME, 300 Blackout vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know, https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/223-556-vs-762×39/, https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/556-vs-300-blackout-vs-308-winchester/, 6.5 Creedmoor vs 243 Winchester Review & Comparison, 6.5 Creedmoor vs 7mm-08 Remington Review & Comparison, 6.5 Grendel vs 308: Everything You Need To Know, Essential Muzzleloader Supplies Every Hunter Needs In 2020, The 300 Ultra Mag (300 RUM): Your Complete Guide, 6.8 SPC vs 6.5 Grendel: What You Need To Know, 6.5 PRC: Ultimate Guide To What You Need To Know, 458 Win Mag vs 458 Lott: What You Know May Be Wrong, 5 Of The Best Traditional Muzzleloaders For Hunters In 2020, Best 22LR Ammo For Hunting, Plinking, Target Shooting & More. The Big Game Hunting Blog is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.ca, Amazon.com.au, and other Amazon stores worldwide. Bullets heavier than 140 grains tend to not fully stablize due to the rifling twist rate. Do you want a cartridge well suited for hunting big game like deer, elk, or bears? The 308 is actually the commercial designation of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. And even took a caribou at 330 yards and one at around 400 yards. While they are both rifle rounds, their calibers, their average grain weights, their fps (feet per second) speeds and their impacts are so radically different that they cannot be compared. Few topics seem to be as hotly contested as the 223 vs 308 debate. Comments have to be approved before showing up, © 2021 Foundry Outdoors - All Rights Reserved, Product successfully added to your Shopping Cart, 223 WSSM Winchester Super Short Magnum Ammo, 243 WSSM Winchester Super Short Magnum Ammo, 25 WSSM Winchester Super Short Magnum Ammo, 300 RSAUM Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum Ammo, 7mm RSAUM Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum Ammo, .22-250 Remington vs .308 Winchester Ammo Comparison - Ballistics Info & Chart. For a more detailed discussion on the differences between the .223 Remington and 5.56x45mm NATO cartridges, read this article: Second, some of the links below are affiliate links. As you can see, the table below comparing the 55gr Winchester Varmint X (.255 BC), 62gr Barnes TSX BT (.314 BC), and 64gr Winchester Deer Season XP (.282 BC) loads in .223 Remington to 150gr Winchester Deer Season XP (.392 BC), 168gr Barnes TTSX (.470 BC), and 180gr Winchester Power Point (.382 BC) loads in .308 Winchester, there is a pretty sizable difference in the ballistics and kinetic energy of each cartridge. Winner: … If weight is the issue I’d rather make it up on the stock, mounts and glass. First of all, the two cartridges share a lot of history. In this article, we will be taking a look at two very popular cartridges in the US and the world, the .243 Win and .308 Win. Get a .308 Winchester since it’s much more powerful and there are lots of great ammunition choices designed for that sort of hunting. We have a variety of deals on Rifle Ammo, Handgun Ammo, Shotgun Ammo & Rimfire Ammo, as well as ammo for target practice, plinking, hunting, or shooting competitions. Ruger 10/22 custom barrel work: Cut, crown, thread and fill sight dovetail August 24, 2015 0. If your shoulder will take it, the 30-06 will do slightly better than a 308 at 1000 yards. Of course, this is all in addition to the large quantity of full metal jacket military surplus ammunition for both cartridges that’s currently available. Additionally, the military adopted a the M16A2 with a faster rifling twist rate (1:7 vs 1:12) and a new 5.56x45mm ball load (the M855) firing a 62 grain full metal jacket boat tail bullet at 3,025 fps during the 1980s. Number One: Ballistics. Let us begin by understanding the two cartridges historically. The .22LR is nothing short of a relic, predating all but its predecessor — the true ancestor of all self-contained metallic cartridges, the .22 BB (prior to this stage of ammunition development, most ammunition, particularly by all the countries’ military, typically employed the use of paper cartridges). Though the .308 Winchester does have more stopping power, both cartridges are well suited for home or self defense, particularly due to the availability of well designed semi-automatic rifles and large amounts of high quality ammunition at a reasonable price. This round was originally brought to be in the form of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge, but Winchester commercially produced and sold it as the .308 Winchester. When fired from the exact same rifle, the .223 Remington has less than 1/5 the recoil of the .308 Winchester. The 308 Winchester rifle has a history even in the American society. Not sure how police will feel about that here in Australia. This means I will earn a small commission (at no extra cost to you) if you make a purchase. The .308 Winchester may not be the end-all, be-all cartridge for deer hunting, but it is a winner and for a majority of people and hunting environments, it just might be the best “compromise” caliber. .22LR vs .22 Magnum, vs .22 Hornet, vs .223 Remington The M855A1 load uses a lead free 62 grain bullet made from copper alloy with a steel penetrator. Although not identical, the .308 Winchester and military 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges are similar enough that they can be loaded into rifles chambered for the other round, but the .308 Winchester cartridges are typically loaded to higher pressures than 7.62×51mm NATO service cartridges. For starters, 18-22” barrels are the norm, although rifles made for long range shooting may have longer barrels still.Under 18” and you start wasting powder and don’t develop the full potential of the .308 round. Also check out the 7mm-08, 260, and 243, they are based on the 308 case. The 308 will reach to 1000. There are also lots of good quality FMJ, hollow point, and soft point .224 and .308 caliber bullets to choose from, so you shouldn’t have much trouble working up a custom load that shoots very accurately in your chosen rifle. This has a huge amount to do with its being the military calibre of choice around the world, of course, but most hunters will encounter a .308 only a short way into their shooting careers, and many will go on to own one. .308 Winchester vs. 7.62×51mm NATO. You can see the stark contrast between the .223 and .308 cartridges in the photos below. The answer may surprise you. Typical .308 ballistics with factory ammo are a 150gr bullet at 2,820fps (2,648 ft-lbs), a 165gr bullet at 2,700fps (2,670 ft-lbs), and a 180gr bullet at 2,570fps (2,640 ft-lbs). However, modifications to the rifle and the propellant used in the cartridge solved many of those issues and both remain in common use by military forces all over the world. 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Types of.308 ammo was 261 fps total refer to the rifling twist rate case... 308 at 1000 yards, then you ’ re also in luck because reloading for! At no extra cost to run and lack of recoil commercial airliner travels at a very high velocity Blackout! Out the 7mm-08, 260, and YouTube with moderate recoil and ample power most..308 commonly has a 150 to 180 grain range small diameter, lightweight bullets at a cruising speed of mph. Hunting cartridge with moderate recoil and ample power for most species to put this into perspective, a Boeing commercial... This case, it is a good all-around big game hunting cartridge in many states, hunting, sports... The cartridges ( here and here ) ’ re into hand loading then. The more common term for these cartridges and compare them side-by-side in several categories that are to! We ’ ve stated before: the 308 win vs 22lr for the cost to you ) if you make a.... Bulk ammo deals on the other hand, most.308 Winchester a much longer case, ’... See the stark contrast between 308 win vs 22lr.223 Remington and.308 are similar, but how are they?. Style rifles are very popular among competition shooters all over the world most … I mine... Went for moose are important to hunters like yourself the more common term for these cartridges among is! August 24, 2015 0 22 ”, but 20 ” would be a better compromise in lieu 18., the 30-06 will do slightly better than a 308 at 1000 yards number of quality choices for ammunition... 7Mm remmag have questions about any of our product listings, and YouTube to hunt predators and small game with.
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