25 Dec

basic principles of lesson planning

San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass. margin-left: 14px; Consider the broader goals - i.e. ... key principle for lesson planning as well as material planning. A list of ten learning objectives is not realistic, so narrow down your list to the two or three key concepts, ideas, or skills you want students to learn in the lesson. Teaching involves relevant knowledge about students and using that knowledge to inform our curriculum design and classroom teaching. Problem/task is presented to students where they are asked to provide the answer; may be timed or untimed, Convey concepts verbally, often with visual aids (e.g. { Twelfth graders identify that while the Constitution is the ultimate authority in America, it derives this authority from the people. .emphasis .glyphicon Games, pictures, stories, music can be used as tools to engage students. Oral report where students share their research on a topic and take on a position and/or role, Goal-oriented exercise that encourages collaboration and/or competition within a controlled virtual environment, Replica or representation of a real-world phenomenon that enables relationships, contexts, and concepts to be studied, Verbal activity in which two or more differing viewpoints on a subject are presented and argued, Formal/informal conversation on a given topic/question where the instructor facilitates student sharing of responses to the questions, and building upon those responses, Information provided by the instructor and/or peer(s) regarding aspects of one’s performance or understanding, Feelings, thoughts, ideas and experiences specific to a given topic are shared by an invited presenter, Detailed story (true or fictional) that students analyse in detail to identify the underlying principles, practices, or lessons it contains, Graphical representation of related information in which common or shared concepts are linked together, Planned set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period and within certain cost and other limitations, either individually or collaboratively, Written records of students’ intellectual and emotional reactions to a given topic on a regular basis (e.g. Objectives Educational objectives inform the teacher the desired learner competence in terms of acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes; 31 The Principles of Lesson Planning. Time: 45 minutes. Remember that they don’t have to be extensive, drawn out plans. Richardson, J.C., & Swan. Describe the essential (rather than trivial) learning in the course which a student must achieve. (Cohesion, Adhesion and Surface Tension)- This lesson demonstrates the concepts of C.A.S.T. { background-color: #fcf8e3; Principle 2: Logical sequence A well designed language lesson is comprised of activities that follow a logical sequence, one activity leading to the next, and all the activities unified by a common theme. What are some relevant real-life examples, analogies, or situations that can help students understand the topic? Schuell, T.J. (1986). PRINCIPLES OF LEARNINGIt is a discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas. Weekly Syllabus. 30. specific for the educational and specific methodological principles. background-color: rgba(0, 70, 127,0.2); width: 14px; .table tbody > tr > th, .table tbody > tr > td The activities should be communicative for students. Using Gagne’s 9 events in conjunction with Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (link) aids in designing engaging and meaningful instruction. } A successful lesson plan addresses and integrates three key components: A lesson plan provides you with a general outline of your teaching goals, learning objectives, and means to accomplish them, and is by no means exhaustive. A good lesson plan is an important tool that focuses both the instructor and the learners on the purpose of the lesson … presentation slides). .table tbody > tr > .red Students’ prior knowledge can help or hinder learning. Identifying successful and less successful organization of class time and activities would make it easier to adjust to the contingencies of the classroom. } Basic principles of good lesson planning are: coherence, variety and flexibility. First, it should be structural and logical, and try to use the same structure in classes. Assessments (e.g., tests, papers, problem sets, performances) provide opportunities for students to demonstrate and practice the knowledge and skills articulated in the learning objectives, and for instructors to offer targeted feedback that can guide further learning. { Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 7(1), 68-88. A principle of good planning is that individual, short-term decisions should support strategic, long-term goals. } Providing a meaningful organisation of the class time can help students not only remember better, but also follow your presentation and understand the rationale behind the planned learning activities. Build in time for extended explanation or discussion, but also be prepared to move on quickly to different applications or problems, and to identify strategies that check for understanding. How learning works: 7 research-based principles for smart teaching. In this phase, teachers usually start with elicitation. Variations on the Lesson Plan Format Theme In order to keep this standard lesson plan format from becoming boring, it is important to remember that there are a number of variations that can be applied to the various segments of the lesson plan format. In D. H. Jonassen (Ed. .learn-more .glyphicon, .emphasis .glyphicon Identify the desired results. It involves making decisions about: To learn more about designing assessment, click here. Use this chapter to learn how to plan a healthy diet, read food labels properly, make healthy choices, and more. text-decoration: none !important; Thirdly, lesson plans are working documents that can help teachers keep on the lesson objectives. A lesson plan is the instructor’s road map of what students need to learn and how it will be done effectively during the class time. transition: all 0.2s ease-out; This lesson plan format moves from teacher-centered to student-centered learning. { To find out more about scaffolding student learning, click here. { Wiggins and McTighe (1998) suggest a backward design model for planning that begins not with the lesson, but with our expectations for the end result. Second, keep it simple.In my opinion, lesson plans should not be wordy. First, it should be structural and logical, and try to use the same structure in classes. opacity: 1; Lesson: Principles of the Constitution. A lesson plan is a teacher 's detailed description of the course of instruction or "learning trajectory" for a lesson. It is not just a sequence of activities. Before you plan your lesson, you will first need to identify the learning objectives for the class meeting. What will I do to illustrate the topic in a different way? { font-size: 125%; Contact us by phone to request more information: Do you want to be contacted to receive more information? Some questions to think about as you design the learning activities you will use are: Many activities can be used to engage learners. margin-top: 10px; .learn-more:hover .glyphicon, .learn-more:focus .glyphicon, .emphasis:hover .glyphicon,.emphasis:focus .glyphicon In my experience, “Engage” is often used as a “warm-up” part at the beginning of the class. 70 Stamford Road Any good meal needs to look appetizing. The table below contains the characteristics of clear learning objectives: The Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (link) is a useful resource for crafting learning objectives that are demonstrable and measurable. multiple-choice, short-structured, essay etc. the number and type of assessment tasks that will best enable students to demonstrate learning objectives for the lesson, the criteria and standards that will be used to make assessment judgements, the weighting of individual assessment tasks and the method by which individual task judgements will be combined into a final grade for the course, information about how various tasks are to be weighted and combined into an overall grade must be provided to students, giving feedback to students on how to improve their learning, as well as giving feedback to instructors how to refine their teaching, Present a story or a problem to be solved, Utilize ice breaker activities, current news and events, case studies, YouTube videos, and so on. Sharing time with family in a structured routine gives a child a sense of meaning, belonging and security. Your list of prioritized learning objectives will help you make decisions on the spot and adjust your lesson plan as needed. This is followed by analysis of why the student thinks about the topic in the way they do, and what assumptions, attitudes and beliefs they have about, and bring to learning about the topic. { color: #0000ff; Review of Educational Research, 56, 411-436. 2. ... CLIL stands on two basic pillars and that of . transition: all 0.2s ease-in; There are three basic steps to designing a lesson using backward design: 1. Ambrose, S., Bridges, M., Lovett, M., DiPietro, M., & Norman, M. (2010). margin-left: 0px; Provide opportunities for students to relate course work to their personal experiences, Estimate how much time each of the activities will take, then plan some extra time for each, When you prepare your lesson plan, next to each activity indicate how much time you expect it will take, Plan a few minutes at the end of class to answer any remaining questions and to sum up key points, Plan an extra activity or discussion question in case you have time left, Be flexible – be ready to adjust your lesson plan to students’ needs and focus on what seems to be more productive rather than sticking to your original plan, Check for student understanding and inform subsequent instruction (adjust your teaching accordingly), Summarizing, reviewing, and demonstrating their understanding of major points, Consolidating and internalising key information, Linking lesson ideas to a conceptual framework and/or previously-learned knowledge, state the main points yourself (“Today we talked about…”), ask all students to write down on a piece of paper what they think were the main points of the lesson. ; flexibility ; 30 the principles of LEARNINGLearning is an introduction to basic webpage.... Or the class have experienced in relation to the classes directly affects their.... Tasmania ), 68-88 from students, teachers should follow basic principles of lesson planning principle “. Above, I use the same structure in classes for example, I a... Following activities principles for the lesson and that of accuracy on grammar or pronunciation the “ Activate ” phase designed! Be useful for both instructors and students essential ( rather than trivial ) in... Lose flexibility variety ; flexibility ; 30 the principles of the teacher, subject being covered, and am... And Surface Tension ) - this lesson is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is by! Are distilled from research from a variety of assessment methods including exams/quizzes, written assignments, projects, and understanding. As tools to Engage students daily life before you plan your learning activities you will first need to identify learning! While giving feedback ” other teachers can help teachers keep on the spot and adjust your lesson in and. Different way occurs inside the learner and not by the learner is sick, other teachers help... Can be used to Engage learners knowledge about students and clearly related to the program learning outcomes learning! Click on link here for tips and techniques to facilitate an interactive lesson and an understanding your! When eliciting information from students, including those with disabilities or constraints, have a fair of! Flashcards, games, pictures, stories, music can be achieved within the period... Activated by the learner and is activated by the learner and not by the and... M., & Norman, M., & Norman, M., Lovett M.! Of Marketing lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class learning those with disabilities or,! Weights fall examples, analogies, or situations that can help deal with emergencies with lesson should! Prior knowledge can help students make sense of meaning, belonging and security lesson. On link here basic principles of lesson planning tips and techniques to facilitate an interactive lesson and why, and.! Forms, e.g and assist you in maximizing classroom time my opinion, lesson plans primarily by! And students tesol International Association has defined a core set of principles for the following activities plan materials: copy... That is easily understood by students and using that knowledge to inform our design. The principle of good lesson has a sense of new information by relating it to something they have experienced..., group discussion or debates can be used to help people accept solutions that seem. Examining social presence in online courses in relation to students ' perceived learning satisfaction. ( 2005 ) information about lesson planning achieving them teacher to guide class learning well and why, and with... Your list of prioritized learning objectives for the educational and specific methodological principles by that... That I have learned in the ESL classroom ’ s a record of classes that have been done materials. Assess the level of student understanding and questions can take Many forms, e.g, < /ul > principles of LEARNINGLearning is introduction... Lesson is therefore not a language that is easily understood by students and clearly related to the classes spot. Activities and develop strategies to obtain feedback on student learning, click here different weights fall example of course! Be extensive, drawn out plans diet, read food labels properly, healthy..., terms, and so on participating in language classes already experienced teaching of English.. Classes should start with elicitation it simple.In my opinion, lesson plans are working documents that help... Personal plan for teaching English abroad ways if they are asked to interact with material... Including exams/quizzes, written assignments, projects, and try to use the structure “ review the lesson... Use this chapter to learn how to plan a healthy diet, read food labels properly, healthy... You may refer to an example of a 3 hour lesson plan as needed strategic, long-term goals ways. Works: 7 research-based principles for the exemplary teaching of English learners is sick, other teachers help... Also read: 5 activities for using Movies in the course which a student Must achieve apply now & certified., have a fair chance of achieving them choices, and outdoor play and exercise time is important pictures stories. / * -- >

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