25 Dec

reindeer lichen species

It is found across Europe, North America and Asia. Fungi. Species of reindeer lichen can be found in tundra forests in the arctic, where it is a staple in the diet of reindeer, and also in Florida and Texas. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Other Names: Reindeer Moss, Reindeer Lichen. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. O MPHALINA 15. Despite its name reindeer moss is actually a lichen (in fact it is also known as 'reindeer lichen'). Reindeer lichen Two similar-looking species of lichen are known by the common name Reindeer lichen. Composed of many light and dainty branches, it grows in cushion-like tufts. Ascomycota. So far, California is the only jurisdiction with an official lichen (lace lichen, chosen in 2015). Reindeer moss, or Cladonia rangiferina, is a fruticose lichen that is a staple food of reindeer and caribou. Interpreting Wetland Status. Like other types of lichen, reindeer moss is a good indicator of environmental quality because of its high absorption from the surrounding air. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo – star reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Related Links. Sphaerophorus globosus lichen. The tiny branches are numerous and it produces dense mats of dull cottony type growth, between 1- 4 inches in length. 3) Reindeer can live for up to 15 years in the wild, although domesticated reindeer (reindeer that are cared for by humans), can live for as long as 20 years. "As the common names suggest, reindeer lichen is an important food for reindeer (caribou), and has economic importance as a result. The lichen covers immense areas in northern tundra and taiga ecosystems and serves as pasture for reindeer, moose, caribou, and musk oxen. Tip Reindeer moss tends to thrive in arctic climate areas, and will do well in the winter if you have a moss garden. When water is scarce , the plant dries out and becomes dormant. This acid can cause severe stomach cramps if consumed in any quantity. Botanical Name: Cladina species. Priority Species List (1998), version 1 Priority Species List (2007), version 1 Recorder 3.3 (1998), version 1 Red Data Book of British Lichens (Church et al., 1996), version 1 Species … But erratic winter weather can make it hard for them to get to their food. We chose this species because it is a common representative of the shrub-like reindeer lichens, which are of ecological significance in the ground layer of subalpine–alpine, boreal and subarctic habitats of the Northern Hemisphere. - A reindeer’s favourite food is Lichen. They are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. Nyl. Source and Description Reindeer lichen is a slow growing plant that is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year. Its branches are between 4-6cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures. Reindeer lichen Cladonia rangiferina growing on a branch of an old oak tree. Food. Page 4-888 FLORIDA PERFORATE CLADONIA Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida. Cladonia is a genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae.They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Reindeer Lichen species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Observations and experiments have shown that reindeer lichens dry much more rapidly than associated moss and snow lichen species [6,92]. Hustich – reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Reindeer lichen, (Cladonia rangiferina), a fruticose (bushy, branched) lichen found in great abundance in Arctic lands. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. Furthermore, Native Americans in regions near the Great Lakes were known to practice the peculiar tradition of bathing new-born babies in a decoction of reindeer lichen. Similar species: C. rangiferina (Reindeer lichen) is the similar but ashy white in color. C. perforatais the most unique member of the scrub-lichen community, by virtue of its restricted and unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity. With advances in DNA testing, it has been reclassified as a Cladonia. It is spongy and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and will crunch if stepped on. Reindeer love to eat lichen, which only grows in abundance where the air is very pure and clean. During winter in the Arctic, reindeer eat lichens and plants they find beneath the snow. This plant has no children Legal Status. Reindeer lichen or caribou moss (Cladonia rangiferina) is an important foot for reindeers. The result was a concoction known as "stomach ice cream". Together with other closely related species, C. rangiferina constitutes the principal winter food of caribou in North America and reindeer in Europe. беларуская: Кладзіна аленевая čeština: Dutohlávka sobí Deutsch: Rentierflechte English: Gray reindeer lichen, Grey-green reindeer lichen suomi: Poronjäkälä Nordfriisk: Rendiartmöösk norsk: Reinlav polski: Chrobotek reniferowy русский: Ягель, Олений мох, Кладония оленья svenska: Renlav Luckily, the Cairngorm National Park has loads of good clean air, so the lichen grows well for the reindeer to munch on! Cladoniaceae. Carpets of Cladina can cover huge areas. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris . Until recently, Cladonia rangiferina ("reindeer moss" or "reindeer lichen") was placed in the genus Cladina. During the winter months, reindeer feed largely on lichen, so rather than leaving the reindeer carrots this Christmas, maybe you could search for some lichen to leave out for them. Nyl. It is important to remove as much of the acid as possible before eating. Vecchio Photo. Cladonia species are of economic importance to reindeer-herders, such as the Sami in Scandinavia or the Nenets in Russia. Knowing very little about lichens, I'm not sure if this is Cladonia rangiferina or Cladonia portentosa. Up to eight species of reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina), fruticose lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family. They are extremely slow growing, producing only one new branch a year. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. A symbiotic species of algae and fungi. Reindeer lichens (Cladina species), too, grow on the ground and belong to the fruticose group. This is done by boiling the lichen several times in clean water to which can be added bicarbonate of soda. Containers specifically designed for use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores. Species; Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) Species Detail - Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. Endemic to the state of Florida in the United States, where it is known from 16 populations in four widely separated areas of the state. Reindeer lichens are among the most conspicuous lichens and may locally dominate the ground cover in boreal and subarctic regions, where they serve as winter diet for reindeer. Wildlife. They provide winter food for caribou (reindeer). - Reindeer are perfectly adapted for the cold, in fact, they prefer it. The Florida perforate reindeer lichen occurs only in the state of Florida and is characterised by its yellow-grey, complex branching pattern. In the laboratory, C. rangiferina dried "rapidly" after soaking when compared to associated moss-layer bryophytes from the New Jersey pine barrens [ 91 ], and the drying rate of reindeer lichen samples was 1.7 times that of the wetting rate [ 92 ]. The plant forms dense groundcover in dry heath- and rocky forests as well as in fell landscapes. Some Arctic inhabitants mixed the partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs. NPS/C. Antibiotic compounds are extracted from some species to create antibiotic cream. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. It has also been used as a food among native tribes, and to make tea. Common Name : Reindeer Lichen , Reindeer moss, Caribou moss, Reindeer moss lichen – The lichen is one of the primary food sources for reindeer (Rangifer tarandus); their North American counterparts are called caribou. The species name comes from the reindeer and caribou genus ‘rangifer’. As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. Due to destruction by overgrazing, burning or being trampled on it is leaving us with the consequence that it may take decades for this plant to return to those areas. In fact, males’ antlers can grow up to a whopping 1.4 metres in length and have as many 44 points, called ‘tines‘. Genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae. Reindeer lichen is used as a general term to refer to any of several species that are consumed by the reindeer of Eurasia and the caribou of North America. Reindeer moss is a slow-growing lichen species that can take up to 30 years to regrow if the top layer is damaged. Reindeer lichen is a good source of carbohydrates, which are extracted by special enzymes in the reindeers’ digestive system, but a poor source of protein. Cladonia. Over the winter, reindeer rely on reindeer lichen and a few other lichen species for roughly 90% of their food, with an adult reindeer having to eat 4-8kg of this food a day. When dry it can be quite brittle but once wet it becomes somewhat sponge-like. Sphaerophorus ("tree coral") can be found on the bark of many evergreens. Appearance: It is usually pale green to pale grey in colour, and is reminiscent of an underwater sponge. On first observing the terrain, the founder of the herd said “"Looking across Rothiemurchus Forest to the Cairngorms from the railway bridge at Aviemore on a cold morning in April 1947, I was instantly reminded of reindeer pastures in Lapland… species of ground, rock and tree lichens, which are elsewhere the chief food of reindeer, were plentiful and of little use to other animals.” Real Reindeer Lichen And Other Lichen Species. Much like deer, reindeer feed on grasses, leaves of shrubs and trees, mosses, and herbs. Step 1 Choose a container made from clear glass or plastic. This lichen produces erect and branched thalli (named podetia) that are several centimetres high. Individual species require expert identification. Reindeer Moss like most lichens, is 94% carbohydrate and 6% acid. You can sometimes find three or four Cladina species in a single clump. Key to Reindeer Lichens and Similar Species in Newfoundland and Labrador. They resemble tiny white, grey or greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches. The light green species Cladonia stellaris is used in flower decorations. Ahti T: Studies on the caribou lichen stands of 1. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina mitis (Sandst.) Although known as a moss, it is in fact a fruticose lichen … The average adult reindeer eats 9 to 18 pounds of vegetation each day. ... Lichen Gallery of Leif & Anita Stridvall - Cladonia protentosa; Irish lichens (photos and descriptions) - Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; Vernacular names . Reindeer Moss Facts. Rare species of lichen known by the common names Florida perforate cladonia and Florida perforate reindeer lichen. Newfoundland. References. It is well suited for growing in a container indoors. They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Wetland Status. Wikipedia. (This is yet another "moss" that is really a lichen.) Species: Cladonia portentosa Subspecies: C. p. subsp. Umbilicaria esculenta is a black foliose lichen that grows on rocks. 22. In Scandinavia it has been used in the… Made from clear glass or plastic and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in of. Make tea the… the star-tipped reindeer lichen. cushion-like tufts get to their reindeer lichen species Accepted. Well for the reindeer to munch on and pet stores and dainty branches, it doesn ’ t often... 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